Sanctioning Terrorist Activities by Iran, Accelerating Disaster Assistance and Expanding Healthcare Opportunities for Native Americans

HR 589, HR 3152, S 1528, S 70, S 460, S 1271MAHSA Act (HR 589) – The Mahsa Amini Human Rights and Security Accountability (MAHSA) Act is a bipartisan bill that was introduced on Jan. 27 by Rep. Jim Banks (R-IN). The purpose of this bill is to impose sanctions on the leaders of Iran for supporting human rights abuses and terrorism. The sanctions block both property and visas owned by certain foreign individuals and entities affiliated with Iran. The bill passed in the House on Sept. 12 and currently resides in the Senate.

Fight CRIME Act (HR 3152) – This bipartisan bill was introduced by Rep. Michael McCaul (R-TX) on May 9. It imposes visa- and property-blocking sanctions specific to Iran’s missile-related activities, including acquiring, developing, transporting, or deploying missiles or related items, such as drone technologies. These sanctions also may be imposed on adult family members of people directly involved, as well as foreign individuals and entities that engage in transactions and knowingly provide support for the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). This legislation was passed in the House on Sept.12 and is under consideration in the Senate.

Disaster Assistance Simplification Act (S 1528) – This bipartisan bill aims to facilitate streamlined information sharing among federal disaster assistance agencies, accelerate life-saving assistance to disaster survivors, and expedite the ability for communities to recover from disasters, as well as other purposes. The legislation was introduced by Sen. Gary Peters (D-MI) on May 10 and was passed in the Senate on July 27. It is presently under review in the House.

Tribal Trust Land Homeownership Act of 2023 (S 70) – Introduced by Sen. John Thune (R-SD) on Jan. 25, this bill mandates that the Bureau of Indian Affairs expedite processing and completion of residential and business mortgage applications within certain deadlines (e.g., provide approval or disapproval within 20 or 30 days, depending on the type of application). The bipartisan bill passed in the Senate on July 18 and is currently under consideration in the House.

Urban Indian Health Confer Act (S 460) – This Act, introduced by Sen. Tina Smith (D-MN) on Feb. 15, passed in the Senate on July 18 and is currently in the House. Its purpose is to expand the requirements of the Indian Health Service (IHS) on matters relating to both American Indians and Alaskan Natives. At present, the IHS is required to confer only with urban Indian organizations. However, this new bill would mandate that the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) ensure that the IHS and other agencies consult on matters related to the Indian Health Care Improvement Act, as well as other healthcare provisions for Native Americans. The Act passed in the Senate on July 26 and has been forwarded to the House.

FEND Off Fentanyl Act (S 1271) – The objective of this bill is to impose sanctions on individuals, cartels and transnational criminal organizations involved in trafficking illicit fentanyl and related products. The legislation was introduced by Sen. Tim Scott (R-SC) on April 25 and was assigned to the committee for review on June 21. This bipartisan bill is co-sponsored by 32 Republicans, 32 Democrats and two Independents. It has a high probability of being passed by both houses and enacted by the president.


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